Realities and Possibilities: Critical Global Education in Wisconsin Elementary Social Studies Standards


  • Gerardo Joel Aponte-Safe Department of Educational Studies, University of Wisconsin – La Crosse
  • Hanadi Shatara Department of History, University of Wisconsin–La Crosse


social studies standards, critical global education, global education


This study critically examines the Wisconsin Standards for Social Studies for elementary grades with the goal of understanding what global content is present and how teachers can engage these standards through a critical global perspective. We conducted a textual analysis of the standards using Subedi’s decolonizing frameworks and Andreotti’s critical global citizenship education. We found few explicit references to global topics in the early grades, and identified additional possibilities. We provide multiple examples to implement critical global perspectives in elementary social studies classrooms.

Author Biography

Hanadi Shatara, Department of History, University of Wisconsin–La Crosse

No email address listed. Please contact primary author, Gerardo Joel Aponte-Safe at